Malicious software, also known as malware is a term that can be used for various viruses, spyware, worms and programs that attack your device or computer. The goal of malware is to target and retrieve protected data, remove confidential documents or add software without user consent or knowledge. Software is identified as malware based on its intended use, rather than a particular technique or technology used to build it.
A computer virus is a malicious software which self-replicates and attaches itself to other files/programs. It has the capability of executing secretly when the host program/file is activated. The different types of Computer virus are Memory-Resident Virus, Program File Virus, Boot Sector Virus, Stealth Virus, Macro Virus, and Email Virus.
Types of Malware to Look Out For
Spyware secretly records information about a user and forwards it to third parties. The information gathered may cover files accessed on the computer, a user’s online activities or even user’s keystrokes.
Adware as the name interprets displays advertising banners while a program is running. Adware can also work like spyware, it is set up to gather confidential information and essentially spy and gather information from someone’s computer.
Ransomware is a form of malware that encrypts a victim's files. The attacker then demands a ransom from the victim to restore access to the data upon payment. Users are shown instructions for how to pay a fee to get the decryption key. The costs can range from hundreds to thousands of dollars mainly paid through Bitcoin.
There are a number of defensive steps you can take to prevent ransomware infection. These steps are a course good security practices in general, so following them improves your defenses from all sorts of attacks:
Remember the ABIS team can meet your needs whether you are a global enterprise or an entrepreneurial startup company. We have the experience and market presence to put together a risk management solution for cyber risk or tailored to your specific needs.